Phosphoric Acid Pretreatment of Corchorus capsularis L. Biomass for Enhancing Glucose Recovery

Suwanan Wongleang, Suchada Dana, Duangporn Premjet, Siripong Premjet

Abstract


Lignocellulosic biomass (LB), a renewable resource, is an attractive feedstock for manufacturing biofuel and biochemical products because these products have emerged as cleaner alternatives to fossil fuels and minimize environmental implications. Corchorus capsularis L., often known as Jute, is a non-food feedstock fiber crop that produces high cellulose fiber. Therefore, Jute biomass (JB) is highly recognized as a sustainable lignocellulosic feedstock for sugar platform-based biorefineries synthesizing bioethanol and other chemicals with added value. In this study, JB containing bark and core fibers was pretreated with different concentrations of phosphoric acid (PA) under mild conditions. After pretreatment, it was observed that PA concentration has a substantial influence on the chemical composition of bark and core fibers. Additionally, when both feedstocks were pretreated with PA, hydrolysis efficiency (HE) and glucose recovery (GR) were greatly enhanced. The yield of HE was improved approximately 4.5 times for bark and 6.7 times for core fibers. However, GR yield was enhanced by approximately 4.2 folds for the bark and 6.2 folds for the core fibers. These findings indicate that PA pretreatment had a significant effect on the efficiency of cellulose hydrolysis by enzymes. In the material balance, the total theoretical ethanol yield from untreated and treated bark and core fibers was reported.


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